- Video commented on:
- Talonman007 : Kent Hovind Questions and Answers (Seminar Part 7C)
[Actually C and D, and I stopped before getting to E which starts 1:49:00 something]
- 0:05:34, against identifying a rock found in Antarctica as Martian
- Your physics about something hitting Mars and splitting off something which then hits Earth is of course common sense, and in all probability correct.
It is not Newtonian, though.
As soon as anything went out of "gravitational field" of Mars, it would continue in a straight line (according to this thinking) unless it happened to hit something that stopped it or went through a gravitational field that bent its trajectory.
But the main objection would of course be to ask oneself if one could tell the origin of the rock and the bacteria in the first place.
[And you have a point that if something was shot off from Mars, hitting precisely earth rather than getting any other way available would be very lucky.]
- "Independent Baptist are right"? 0:15:00 ....
- Well, Matthew 28 says the Church Christ founded was from then on up to beyond now (we are not the end of time yet) always with Christ on Earth.
Has Independent Baptist community always been on Earth since Ascension Day?
[No answer given so far, obviously they have not]
- Catholicism and Sedisvacantism
- 0:23:00 John Paul II accepted Evolution. But was he Pope? And if he was, he certainly did not use the kind of pronouncement that would oblige all Catholics to follow his example. At least.
0:24:30 Graven image in our listing is not a separate commendment but an OT ritual explicitation of the first. Like SEVENTH day is for the III.
How do you tell where one commandment starts and where the next begins?
From the verses? No. Verses were introduced by a Catholic bishop who knew the Bible by heart and divided it into verses during a hunting trip. Only the Psalms had verses before that, they were not numbered, but there were new lines to help you know how to sing it.
So, St Augustine says graven images is part of first commandment and that there are two commandments against covetuousness, corresponding IX to VI about respect for neighbour's marriage and X to VII about respect of his property. But St John Chrysostom says there is one commandment against covetuousness, and that forbidding graven images is a separate commandment and Orthodox say there is to be no GRAVEN images, only PAINTED ones in Church, excepting the Crucifix. There is Christian art before these two which is clearly graven and of the Twelve Apostles, which I saw in Arles at the Museum.
25:00 "back in the fourteen hundreds, if you committed a sin, you could pay money to the priest to get absolved"
Not so. DO NOT TRUST HOVIND WHERE HE IS TRUSTING JACK CHICK & C. ABOUT THE CATHOLIC CHURCH.
Not meaning John Paul II or the nun who disbelieved "the creation myth" of course. Those are in the papers, but the Inquisition lasting from 400 to Reformation (English Inquisition against Lollards started 1401, 1001 years after 400) or Indulgences being payments for absolution are not in the correct history books.
The "list of indulgences" given 25:07 is obviously phoney.
For one thing they were not yet paying anything in dollars and cents, plus Europe did not have a common currency. So if Leo X had even wanted this he would have been in trouble about which currency to choose and which exchange course to use for the rest of the currencies.
But for another thing, as I am a Catholic I have seen real Indulgence lists. They do not go like that.
Prayer x so many days indulgence, prayer y, so many days, a Rosary in Church plenary indulgence, if you have confessed and received communion within a week before or after praying it, especially the octave of All Saints (a time when Catholics try to get souls out of Purgatory up to Heaven), but if not it is so many days indulgence. There are two explanations of this, but neither is about a list of crimes. Not directly. One is, 400 days indulgence or 3 years indulgence shortens the time in Purgatory by so much time and gets a soul (including one's own, unless one dies in sin committed after winning the indulgence) up to Heaven by exactly so much quicker. The other is it is about how much time one would have been doing on earth as penance but that seems not so probable. 40 days penance is common, one year's penance is common. But 300 days or 400 days is not common. 3 years is what Orthodox requires a soldier to do penance if he has killed someone in battle (which I have not by the way), whereas Roman Catholics, also taking a hint from same passage in Scripture about staying outside the camp until clean, states that a soldier having killed must abstain from Communion up to next time he confesses to a priest. So, 400 days or 300 days would clearly not be referring to time spent in penance if one had done it on earth, it would be referring to time spent in Purgatory.
[Kent Hovind commenting on the phoney list:]
"what's the way to describe that? is stupid a way to describe it?"
Yes, it is stupid of you to believe this about Catholics even in 1400's, thank you for choosing the very right word.
It is error to say burning a candle pays for your sins? Candles are most usually burnt for prayers and for thanksgiving.
"God, if I get this ..." [Catholic naming the favour he wants] ... "I'll offer a candle under your blessed Mother's altar" - and if he gets the favour he does it. What has that to do with "paying for sins"?
It is however NOT error to get to a priest and say "Bless me Father, for I have sinned". It is warranted by the promise given by Christ to his Disciples on the evening of Resurrection Sunday. It is warranted by St James instructing "if someone has sinned, let him go to the priests of the Church". It is Biblical and hence no error.
"The Bible says the blood of Jesus Christ cleanseth us from all sin, nothing else" ... sorry, but the Bible does state how this cleansing is applied to each soul, namely by baptism, by penance (confession, contristion, absolution, doing the penance prescribed - which may include burning a candle and always includes saying prayers and often also fasting), by extreme unction (also Epistle of St James). If by "nothing else" you mean to exclude these things, then you are in error.
[Back to theme of Confession.]* It is not an error to call the priest Father in that context either. As he represents God. As he represents Christ.
It is even Biblical, since 1 Corinthians St Paul claims to be their father in Christ. Did he ignore the words "call no man father"? Did he flaunt them? Obviously neither. Both verses are fine, and the one of Our Lord did not prohibit calling St Paul father then or calling a priest you confess to father now.
*[was originally posted afer the following]
- Sedisvacantism and Mahometanism
- Now, I have no idea what the word "sedisvacantist" tells you. But to me it means a set of Catholics who from John Paul II kissing the Qoran concludes he was not Pope, but an impostor as to office, and from Lumen Gentium and CCC including such things conclude these were not promulgated by a true Council (Vatican II) or a true Pope (again, John Paul II).
Now, as to Khadidja's identity, you state she was a nun apostising from virginity (which Catholicism does not promote), I have elsewhere heard she was daughter of a rabbi.
As to myself, I think Muhammed was simply a case like Joseph Smith, at least when starting out. Deceived by a false apparition.
[But would he have stayed deceived if he had stayed innocent of self-deception and of deception? Would God have allowed a good man to continue to be deceived? Another matter.]
While you are at Sura 18 which deals with Zûl Qarnain ... would that version of Alexander the Great's exploits be more likely to come from a Catholic Nun or from a Rabbi's daughter? Is it closer to the Western Christian legends about Alexander the Great or to Jewish Babylonian Talmudic ones?
Let us take a look precisely at Cosmology. Christians were mostly, at least West of Nestorians, Round Earth. Jews were either mostly or exclusively - I talk about Judaism, not about Christians of Jewish origin - Flat Earth, like the Babylonians. Now, the original account of Alexander the Great said he went East, to India. Aristotle who was his scientific adjudant (or whatever the English word is) on the journey argues for a round earth because some account of seeing "Pillars of Hercules" across the Ganges. Now, the Straits of Gibraltar are not immediately East of Ganges, as Alexander would have found out if he had crossed it, but the original of the Alexander story at least implies a Round Earth Cosmology, as with Church Father Saint Augustine, as with St Isidore of Seville (unless he was neutral on the Q, like St Basil). By the time the story reaches the Quran (Sura 18) Alexander has become a champion against Gog and Magog - which are also mentioned in Daniel, you do not need Book of Revelation to have heard these names. And Earth has become flat.
Are Western Roman Catholics or are Babylonian or Yemenite Jews most likely to have introduced such changes? Think of that before claiming it was a Catholic [Apostate] Nun who set up Mohammed.
Of course, your own theory about Earth going around goes beyond Round Earth Geocentrism to Heliocentrism. Which was not supported by Catholics until reent centuries and which is overmore irrelevant when it comes to a text which is clearly "flat earth and close sun".
"All the Arabs come from Ishmael" ... no.
Mid Arabic Peninsula Arabs up to Muhammed's time come from Ishmael. West Arabic Peninsula and East Egypt Arabs came from Keturah's son with Abraham, Midian. But Midianites and Ishmaelites had already blended and Ishmaelites were dominant. Further South Yemenites come from Yoktan, who lived way before Abraham (Peleg's brother if both were sons of Heber, I think). North and up in East Mediterranian the two sides of Jordan river have Arabs descending from Jews, Samarians and Galileans in the West of Jordan, you call them Palestinians, and East of Jordan the ancestors are from South to North Edom (=Esau, brother of Israel and son of Isaac), Moab and Ammon (=sons and grandsons of Lot, you know the story). North of those you have Cananean ancestors of Lebanese.
Later on Muslims taught that the only "real" Arabs were Yoktanites and Ishmaelites while other Arabs were Mustariba = Arabized. And probably Palestinians spoke Aramaic rather than Qoranic or later Arabic up till the Conquest of Kaleef Omar, so in a linguistic sense they are right there was an original difference that evened out in favour of Ishmaelite dialects. But this does not warrant to think the Mustariba also were descendants from Ishmael, the whole point of distinguishing between Araba and Mustariba was that some did not do so.
List of Gentiles ... "Romans and Byzantines up to 638" ... to a Jew these are of course Goyim or rather Minim wa Goyim. But Romans and Byzantines up to 638 were from Emperor Constantine on often enough Christians and anyway seem to have included Bedooins who were - presumably - descendants of ... you have got it, the Christians among Jews, Samarians and Galileans. You see, these Bedooins were Christians up to Omar's time and then Omar forced some of these to become Muslims.
There is a fact that bears out that the list of Gentiles is a Jewish list. It does not enumerate the real Gentiles and Antichristians who:
- desecrated the Holy Cross
- encouraged apostasy to Judaism
- took Apostates to Judaism along when going back to Persia, after being chased by Heraclius.
The fact that apostasies to Judaism were done then and posed no ethnological problems to Rabbis bears out that the majority population in Palestine back then was, under Roman rule and Christian faith, a people with ethnical roots in the Hebrew ancestors of the Old Testament.
When will you guys read The Desert a City - I think it's about time for you guys to do it!
Ayatollah Khomeini thought non-Muslims were not people? I had not heard that story.
Sounds more like the Talmudic attitude to non-Jews than like any official Christian attitude to non-Christians, as far as Catholics are concerned.
Are you still sure it was from Catholicism rather than Judaism that Khadidja came?
- Mormonism and Watchtower Cult
- Lucy Mack Smith ... was she a Mormon? Wait ... Smith ... where her son ... she was the "prophet's" ma, right?
Now, if a demon gave her son superhero powers it would have been possible.
Just as it would have been possible to invent a language. God invented some seventy at Babel, but God is not the only one who can do that, Tolkien invented two pretty detailed ones for the novels (Quenya and Sindarin) and one for private amusement only (Naffarin), so God being God, Tolkien being a man, and angelic beings being between God and men in capabilities, demons coud have managed that too. Of course, if you can document there was a Baptist who tried to sell book of Mormon as a novel to a printer before this happened, that is fair enough too.
I have taken the approach to Mohammed and Joseph Smith they were deluded by demons (or the same demon) rather than frauds consciously, but that might not be tenable.
[See above, would a merely deceived but good man have remained deceived, and God not have undeceived the person?]
Either way, and that goes for Independent Baptist too, the communities that originate visibly centuries after Christ gave His Apostles a promise on Ascension Thursday, Matthew 28:18-20, are suspect.
Of course, since Joseph Smith had freemason background, if there was such a novel before he "transcribed and translated" Book of Mormon, the mystery is less how he got hold of it than how the original author lost it. That would have involved some masonic intrigues and giving it to Jo would have been one possible goal for such a move.
JW/Watchtower society ... you are right about them.
But if Charles Taze Russell and his predecessors the Russian Tolstoi (who was excommunicated from the Orthodx Church) and the Swede Rydberg (who was also a good novelist though less known outside his country and who was prosecuted for blasphemy, correctly so) were wrong, how can you be sure the guys like Wycleff or Luther, Zwingli, Oecolampadius, Bucer, Münzer (an Anabaptist who was also a violent Communist Revolutionary, Mennonites are Münzerites gone pacifist a generation later), Hus and his successors like Ziska (Moravians being Ziskaites gone pacifist), and the rest were right to get out of Catholicism? At the same time as Luther and Zwingli and Münzer you get the two Sozzini, same heresy as Charles Taze Russell as to denial of Trinity but far less respectuous of Bible as word of God, since their successors inluce the Transcendentals, like Emerson and the rest, who were no longer Christians in any sense at all.
- About that Humanist ... you said you were defeated.
At thirteen I was being homeschooled for a day by ma who was attending lectures in Hebrew.
Now Professor Mettinger has done some good since then, notably in refuting Acharya, but on that day he blundered and told the University class (which legitimately included my ma and occasionally that precise day me too) that Genesis and Job give a more or less Pharisaically redacted rehash of Babylonian creation myth.
He on his side had the fact that there are similarities and that references in Job to Tehôm (abyss) and to Behemoth and Leviathan (which are monsters) reflect a myth similar to that in which Marduk defeats Tiamath (a monster of the abyss) before creating earth out of her dead flesh.
Well, what if Genesis and Job reflect fact and Babylonian myth defelcts fact into polytheistic fiction? Mettinger did not exactly contradict me as being wrong, he only told me that as a Christian he agreed but as a university professor he had to give the science that was not tainted by religious bias ...
Defeating me in straight argument has not been the enemy's favourite plan for me ...
- K Hovind does some exegesis on supposed anomalies, I support (mainly) from Haydock commentaries
3 Kings 4:26
And Solomon had forty thousand stalls of chariot horses, and twelve thousand for the saddle.
Forty: 2 Paralipomenon ix. 25., has four in the Hebrew. Septuagint read in both places 40,000 mares, for chariots, and 12,000 horses. (Calmet) --- The Alexandrian copy has 40 here, and 4000 in the latter place; where, instead of horses, it gives horsemen, with the Vulgate. These two words are often used as synonymous by the best authors. But it is more difficult to reconcile the number; (Calmet) as (2 Paralipomenon xiv.) we read again differently, he had 1400 chariots, and 12,000 horsemen. (Haydock) --- Forty might easily be mistaken for four, by only adding im at the end of arba. (Bochart) (Grotius) --- Instead of stalls, Calmet supposes stables to be understood, and in each he would place ten horses, which completes the number here assigned. If this be admitted, no change is necessary: but, as præsepe signifies "a stall," we may adhere to the Vulgate, which has 40,000 in both places; whereas the Hebrew varies, though the sense may be the same. The number of Solomon's chariots was 1400. As two horses were usually employed to draw them, 2800; or, allowing for accidents, changes, &c., 4000 horses would have been amply sufficient. It seems, therefore, that we should admit only so many horses or stalls. (Haydock) --- "Vignoles conjectures, that the Jews formerly used marks analogous to our common figures; as the Arabians have done for many hundred years. And, if so, the corruption" of hundreds for tens, &c., "may be easily accounted for, by the transcriber's carelessly adding or omitting a single cypher." (Kennicott, Diss. ii.) --- Yet, if 40,000 horses must be admitted, we may say that they were not all intended for the chariots of war, but some for draught-horses, to convey the stones and other materials for the numerous buildings, which Solomon carried on. This might serve to excuse him for having so many horses, (Haydock) contrary to the letter of the law, and the example of Josue and of David. His subjects were thus, perhaps, engaged in too much commerce with the Egyptians: and the king was forced to burden them with taxes, which at last proved so fatal. (Serarius) (Pineda) (Calmet) --- Yet some undertake his defence, by saying that he did not act against the spirit of the law; that many of the horses were imposed as a tribute, and Solomon did not place his trust in them, Proverbs xxi. 31., and 2 Paralipomenon ix. 24. (Tostat) (Bochart, B. ii. 9.) --- His empire was become more extensive, and his works more splendid; so that what might appear an useless parade in some, might be worthy of praise in Solomon. The law is not so precise. He shall not multiply horses to himself, nor lead back the people into Egypt, being lifted up with the number of his horsemen, Deuteronomy xvii. 16. There is a like prohibition of many wives and treasures.
2 Paralipomenon 9:25
And Solomon had forty thousand horses in the stables, and twelve thousand chariots, and horsemen, and he placed them in the cities of the chariots, and where the king was in Jerusalem.
Thousand. In 3 Kings, we read, 1400 chariots; and here Hebrew has, "4000 stables, (Calmet) or stalls for horses and chariots;" (Protestants) and the Septuagint, "4000 mares for the chariots, and 12,000 horsemen." (Haydock) --- There might be ten horses in each stable. (Du Hamel)
Now Hovind is going to say Du Hamel got it right. Which might not be wrong.
If I might venture a guess, 3 Kings speaks about situation just before he corresponded with Hiram and met the Queen of Sheba. 2 Paralipomenon has these earlier in the same chapter. What if the number of horses changed?
2 Kings 10:18
And the Syrians fled before Israel, and David slew of the Syrians the men of seven hundred chariots, and forty thousand horsemen: and smote Sobach, the captain of the army, who presently died.
Hundred. Paralipomenon, thousand, allowing ten men for each chariot. (Du Hamel; Menochius) --- The men is omitted in both texts. See chap. viii. 4. (Haydock) --- Horsemen. Paralipomenon reads, footmen, supplying what is here omitted, (Salien) so that 87,000 Syrians perished, unless there be a mistake of the transcribers. (Calmet) --- Smote, though not perhaps with his own hand, as he slew so many thousands by means of his army. (Menochius)
1 Paralipomenon 19:18
But the Syrian fled before Israel: and David slew of the Syrians seven thousand chariots, and forty thousand footmen, and Sophach, the general of the army.
Chariots. Literally, "chariot." 2 Kings has only 700, and 40,000 horsemen. (Calmet) --- Ten men might be in each chariot. (Du Hamel)
Kent Hovind not only agrees with Du Hamel, but makes him understandable.
10 men at a time in one chariot? No. Ten men taking turns? Makes sense.
24,000 vs 23,000, by now I think if I look it up in Haydock I will see Du Hamel making the same observation as Hovind, 1000 died the next day (or the previous, possibly ... either first day was a slight warning or second day ended the plague quickly by a quick repentance after only 1000 died).
- Hovind goes Evangelical and wrongheaded on Christian Feasts (I have known worse)
- Easter was a Pagan feast in honour of Ishtar?
The calculations used to get the date for Christian Easter (first Sunday - first day of the week - after Full Moon - fourteenth of any Hebrew month would have been Full Moon or close to it - after Vernal Equinox) were done so as to cut off the link with Jewish dating methods for Passover.
Quartodecimans were often Judaising in Theology.
 And seeing that it pleased the Jews, he proceeded to take up Peter also. Now it was in the days of the Azymes.  And when he had apprehended him, he cast him into prison, delivering him to four files of soldiers to be kept, intending, after the pasch, to bring him forth to the people.  Peter therefore was kept in prison. But prayer was made without ceasing by the church unto God for him.
 Azymes: The festival of the unleavened bread, or the pasch, which answers to our Easter.
"The pagan festival of Astart or Ishtar (Easter) was always hedl late in April to celebrate the earth regenerating itself after winter - rabbits and eggs, symbols of fertility were used."
What exact ancient writers support that view? Have you found such a thing in Josephus, fine, tell me where in Josephus. Have you found something like that in Jamblichus, telle me where in Jamblichus (not an author I like, very much into Egyptian mysticism, but he would have been likely to know about this if true). And if Varro or ... OK, I think you see my point.
What you just stated is a thing floating around among Evangelicals. They are basically labelling the Christian feasts of "the Churches of Christendom" as Pagan Feasts. So are of course the Jews doing - since they label Christians, especially of Catholic and Orthodox type, as Pagans.
An Easter egg would not possibly by any chance be a symbol of Resurrection by any chance? I mean a chicken lies within that white shell as in a tomb, but the "tomb" will burst open and the chicken will hatch. That symbolism is how Ukrainean Catholics and Orthodox see the Easter Eggs.
Plus there are of course a lot of eggs around when you have not eaten any since the beginning of Lent. You know, Christ fasted Forty Days. Plus 36 days is the tenth part of a year, so fasting six days a week for six weeks (not fasting on Sundays) is of course giving God a tithe.* Now fasting means abstaining temporarily, for prayer, from things that are likely to raise testosterone levels: fat and proteine from eggs, from milk or dairy, or from meat. Also involves skipping breakfast and lunch, even if dinner is a bit earlier those days. I tend to use the permission to drink a cup of tea or coffee and take a biscuit, but then I am slack in my devotions.
Acts 12, Herod celebrating a Pagan festival? What does the Greek say?
Pascha as the loan word for "passover-with-feast-of-unleavened-bread"? Or anything connected with Ishtar whatsoever? Check the Greek text, if you do not trust the Douai Reims Catholic version which has "pasch".
Actually I did it for you:
"βουλόμενος μετὰ τὸ πάσχα ἀναγαγεῖν αὐτὸν τῷ λαῷ."
Meta to Pascha = after Pesach. Not after a Pagan festival like honouring Ishtar, but clearly after Pesach.
And it is nearly just English speakers (and their devoutest adherents in other groups) that make this mistake. Easter sounds a bit like Ishtar. Ostern sounds very much less than Ishtar. Swedish Påsk, French Pâcques, Spanish Pascuas Floridas all come from Pesach via Greek and Latin Pascha.
* Six days per week times six weeks is Western practise, has been completed by adding four days in previous week, hence Ash Wednesday rather than Monday after Quadragesima Sunday. In Eastern practise it is five days per week and eight weeks, to make forty. Plus fish is not allowed except on Thursdays and Sundays. Same with olive oil and beer, which can be taken Saturdays and Sundays during Lent.
- Hovind discusses NIV and its defaults and Bible versions in general
- As to your explanation of copyright involved in making it different ... are you sure you can even copyright a Bible or a Church Father?
1:09:16 OK, Christians labelled as heretics and burnt at the stake are copying the Bible. Somehow the Catholic Church which is persecuting them for 1000 years (sounds more like the timespan of the Millennium than the time span of Antichrist's persecution to me, but then I am a Catholic) still manages to keep up a show of itself copying the Bible, for instance in monasteries. And itself comparing copies from different regions, unlikely to have seen each other up to printing. And itself making a version based on most copies agreeing.
Plus the funny detail about "persecution lightening up" in the 1500's when for one thing states becoming Protestant like England or my own poor Sweden, not to mention Scotland or Geneva and parts of the Netherlands start killing Catholics. Plus the fact that in England the persecution of Lollards started 1401.
U R WRONG, SIR.
Plus, English translators were hardly searching Africa and China for Bible copies. France, that is another matter. And that means copies made by the Catholic Church.
Ethiopian copies were not of prime importance, since Gheez was neither Hebrew or Aramaic, neither Greek or Latin - it might even have been less important than Syriac. IF any scholars at all sought out Syriac and Gheez translations, these would not have been "Christians thankful the Catholic persecution was over" but Roman Catholics. Like Jesuits.
Do you start getting my drift?
The problem is, if you are in prison now, it is not because of these errors, since Craig A. Lampe is free and still called "Doctor", the reason you are in prison is for speaking up against Evolution and Malthusian élites. With the Global Warming scare.
You throw it away after 300 years active use? More likely you bury it decently! A Bible is a Sacramental, a Holy Object associated with the prayers of the Church. It can not be thrown as trash, it must be buried in holy ground.
The thousand copy after global persecution [by Catholic CHurch against the Bible!] are a historical event that never happened.
One way of telling is that you do not even know the names of the people who compared the thousand copies in your story. Plus you think there were Chinese ones involved in the King James Translation.
Clement and Origen were not leaders of a CULT called Alexandrians, as if they were separate from the Church, but of a school of theology called Alexandrian school, just as there was an Antiochean school and an African school. Origen has not been tied to not believing the Deity of Christ, though he has been afterwards accused of it. Some Antiocheans were in that position, like Paul of Samosata.
When Arius followed Paul of Samosata and other Antiocheans disbelieving the Deity of Christ, he was felt as an intruder by Traditional Alexandrians. Like his own bishop Athanasius. That was what led to the Council of Nicea, and then at the latest some errors of Origen became less interesting to Alexandrian Catholics.
What about reading History of the Arians of the IV Century by one John Henry Newman, who later converted to the Catholic Church? It gives a lot of background on Alexandrians and Antiochenes.
Searched Alexandria and Alexandrians (no hit for singular):
1 Acts Of Apostles 18:24 Now a certain Jew, named Apollo, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, came to Ephesus, one mighty in the scriptures.
2 Acts Of Apostles 27:6 And there the centurion finding a ship of Alexandria sailing into Italy, removed us into it.
3 Acts Of Apostles 28:11 And after three months, we sailed in a ship of Alexandria, that had wintered in the island, whose sign was the Castors.
1 Acts Of Apostles 6:9 Now there arose some of that which is called the synagogue of the Libertines, and of the Cyrenians, and of the Alexandrians, and of them that were of Cilicia and Asia, disputing with Stephen.
Now, has it occurred to you that the Alexandrians in Apostles 6:9 are Alexandrian JEWS, whereas Clement and even Origen were Alexandrian CHRISTIANS?
Here is the other mention of an Alexandrian, Acts 18:
 Now a certain Jew, named Apollo, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, came to Ephesus, one mighty in the scriptures.  This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in spirit, spoke, and taught diligently the things that are of Jesus, knowing only the baptism of John.
 This man therefore began to speak boldly in the synagogue. Whom when Priscilla and Aquila had heard, they took him to them, and expounded to him the way of the Lord more diligently.  And whereas he was desirous to go to Achaia, the brethren exhorting, wrote to the disciples to receive him. Who, when he was come, helped them much who had believed.  For with much vigour he convinced the Jews openly, shewing by the scriptures, that Jesus is the Christ.
[Had posted a similar thing while not finding the first comment.]
And no, Latin Vulgate is NOT based on three scrolls, but on St Jerome's work of translation. NT from Greek. OT from Hebrew for the books where he found such a text. And with annotations where the translation fresh from Hebrew was different from the Septuagint. We know this because the correspondence between St Jerome and St Augustine has been preserved.
And it pretty well does agree with the three scrolls, Vaticanus, Alexandrius and Sinaiticus. It is clearly not a question of different Bibles.
Scribal error does occur, and we think it occurred more often by Jews who had rejected Christ than among Christians.
So, of course, Westcott and Hort are not behind the Bible either of Latin Vulgate or of Douai Reims.
They were wrong to try to bypass tradition by getting at the oldest possible manuscripts. Then it is another question whether you trust Greek or Latin tradition better.
Acts 8:37 DR:
 And Philip said: If thou believest with all thy heart, thou mayest. And he answering, said: I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.
So, Douai Reims and its original (or main such) the Latin Vulgate do not depend on Westcott and Hort and their mistake of bypassing tradition.
They did one good thing though, when taking away verse 37 they at least left verses after it at same numeration as previous.
Now, Sina is according to the Bible "in Arabia". In Saudi Arabia? In the Arabia of Ishmael? No. In the Arabia of Edom, Moab and Ammon, which includes the Sina peninsula.
Arabia Petraea, also called Provincia Arabia or simply Arabia, was a frontier province of the Roman Empire beginning in the 2nd century; it consisted of the former Nabataean kingdom in Transjordan, southern Syria, the Sinai Peninsula and northwestern Arabian peninsula. Its capital was Petra. It was bordered on the north by Syria, on the west by Iudaea (merged with Syria from 135 AD) and Aegyptus, and on the south and east by the rest of Arabia, known as Arabia Deserta and Arabia Felix.
So saying Sina cannot have been on Sinai peninsula is like saying Jonah cannot have been swallowed by a whale "because he was swallowed by a fish". Up to Linnaeus whales and dolphins counted as fish and up to WW-1 or so Arabia may have included Sinai Peninsula or at the very least up to Diocletian and beyond into 5th or 6th Century:
With Emperor Diocletian's restructuring of the empire in 284–305, Arabia province was enlarged to include parts of modern-day Israel. Arabia after Diocletian became a part of the Diocese of Oriens ("the East"), which was part of the Prefecture of Oriens.
During Byzantine rule
First as part of the Diocese of the East, Arabia turned a frontline of Byzantine-Sassanid Wars. In the 5th or 6th century it was transformed into Palaestina Salutaris.
"Late manuscripts insert verse 37" and "no no no guys, you've got it all wrong"
Indeed. And likewise there was no Alexandrian cult (except in the eyes of Jews thinking Christians a cult) later inserting books and chapters and passages into the Bible, there were Jews rejecting Christ who took these out.
Baruch as a whole. Daniel chapters 13 and 14 and a passage of chapter 3, the Song of the Three Young Men in the Furnace. And some more.
- Hovind thinks NIV is wrong, and sometimes it is according to DR:
- II Kings 21:19
And there was a third battle in Gob against the Philistines, in which Adeodatus, the son of the Forrest, an embroiderer of Bethlehem, slew Goliath, the Gethite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver's beam.
Ver. 19. Adeodatus, the son of Forrest. So it is rendered in the Latin Vulgate, by giving the interpretation of the Hebrew names, which are Elhanan, the son of Jaare. (Challoner) --- We should translate all the proper names, or none; as the present mode is extremely perplexing. Adeodatus might therefore be rendered, "God given;" (Dieudonné, as the French have it, though they will not translate Saltus, but leave Jaare) or, if Adeodatus must remain, as it is sometimes a proper name, why may not Saltus? A mere English reader might suppose that Forrest was a Hebrew name, and, with Swift in jest, maintain the high antiquity of our language. (Haydock) --- Regularly proper names should be retained. (Calmet) --- But the learned have often chosen to give the import of foreign names, in the language in which they have been writing. See Du Thou's History. Thus Dubois is styled Sylvius; Newman, Neander; &c. --- An embroiderer. Protestants make this a part of the man's name, "Jaare-oregim." Septuagint, "the son of Ariorgeim." In 1 Paralipomenon xx, no notice is taken of his profession. (Haydock) --- That passage will evince that Elhanan is not the same with David, as some would infer from the mention of Goliath's death, but the son of Jair, uncle of Joab, (chap. xxxiii. 24.) who was born at Bethlehem, though the verse in Paralipomenon would insinuate less correctly, that the giant's name was Lechem, thus, "Elehanan....slew Lechem, the brother," &c., as the copyist had written ath instead of bith. (Calmet) --- Our version has not this mistake: "Adeodatus, the son of Saltus, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath, the Gethite," &c., 1 Paralipomenon xx. 5. (Haydock) --- "It would be difficult to find a passage more disfigured than the present; and, without the help of the Paralipomenon, it would be impossible to make it out." (Calmet) --- Kennicott makes a similar remark. (Diss. i. and ii.) But he believes that the Book of Chronicles, though the latest, and usually the most corrupt, of the Old Testament, is here perfectly correct; and that the passage before us is strangely corrupted, "Jaare Oregim, a Bethlehemite," being placed instead of , ..."Jaor slew Lahmi," as he thinks that oregim, "weavers," has been inserted from the line below, p. 79. Josephus ([Antiquities?] vii. 10.) relates this transaction as follows, "When the king had sent a fresh army against them, Nephan, his relation, displayed the greatest valour. For engaging in a single combat with the bravest man of the Philistines, and killing his antagonist, he caused the rest to turn their backs, and many of the enemy fell in that battle." Thus he evades all the difficulty, adding much out of his own head; and by Nephan, designating Elehanan, the son of his (Joab's) uncle, (chap. xxiii. 24.) or Dodo, a word which the Vulgate renders patrui ejus, "his paternal uncle," though it hath a wider signification, and denotes other relations. Hence, as Joab was the nephew of David, this brave man might be in the same degree, and born of one of the children of Isai; or, perhaps, Josephus infers that he was a kinsman of David, because he was of the same city. (Haydock) --- Goliath. He might have the same name as his brother, who had been slain by David forty-three years before; (Salien) or the title of brother may only signify, that this giant resembled the former in size and strength, Proverbs xviii. 9. --- Beam. See 1 Kings xvii. 7. (Calmet)
Ephraim hath compassed me about with denials, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Juda went down as a witness with God, and is faithful with the saints.
Ver. 12. Denials; refusing to adhere to my worship. (Haydock) --- They wished to unite it with that of idols, 3 Kings xviii. (Calmet) --- Saints. The priests and temple are preserved in Juda. Ezechias brought the people to serve God faithfully, while Israel was led captive. Septuagint, "the house of Israel and Juda with impiety. Now God hath known them lovingly, and it shall be called the holy people of God." Thus both kingdoms were criminal, and God exercised his mercy towards both. (Haydock) --- The Jews relate that when their ancestors were pursued by the Egyptians, and the people were desponding, Juda signalized his courage by entering the bed of the sea. (St. Jerome) --- These traditions are suspicious. (Calmet)
38 And Esau said to him: Hast thou only one blessing, father? I beseech thee bless me also. And when he wept with a loud cry,
39 Isaac being moved, said to him: In the fat of the earth, and in the dew of heaven from above,
40 Shall thy blessing be. Thou shalt live by the sword, and shalt serve thy brother: and the time shall come, when thou shalt shake off and loose his yoke from thy neck.
Ver. 39. Moved; yet not so as to repent of what he had done; for Esau found no place of repentance in his father's breast, although with tears he had sought it, (Hebrews xii. 17.) desiring to obtain the blessing of the first-born. (Haydock) --- In the fat, &c. Idumea was a barren country; and hence some would translate the Hebrew, "far from the fat...shall thy dwelling be; but thou shalt live by the sword." Thus min often means from, as well as for in: my flesh is changed on account of the want of oil, Psalm cviii. 24. Hebrew, a pinguedine. (Calmet) --- But all the ancient versions agree with the Vulgate. So that we may say, the blessing of God made those barren regions supply the wants of the people abundantly; and as the Idumeans were to live by the sword, they would seize the rich habitations of their neighbours, (Haydock) and thus obtain a country rendered fertile without their labour. (Menochius)
Ver. 40. Thy brother, in the reign of David, 2 Kings viii. 14, and of the Machabees. (Josephus, Antiquities xiii. 17.) --- Yoke. When the house of Juda shall rebel against the Lord, in the days of Joram, then the Idumeans shall regain their liberty for a time; (4 Kings viii. 20.) to be subdued again after 800 years by John Hyrcan, the high priest. (Haydock) --- All the blessing of Esau, tends to confirm that already given to his brother; so that the apostle seems to have considered it unworthy of notice. (Calmet) --- Jacob, in the mean time, never asserted his dominion; but still called Esau his lord, (Chap. xxxii. 4.) and behaved to him with the greatest deference. (Haydock) --- Yet the Idumeans always hated the Jews, and assisted Titus to destroy Jerusalem. (Josephus) (Tirinus)
A man amiable in society, shall be more friendly than a brother.
Ver. 24. Brother. The ties of nature are not so strong as those of friendship. (Calmet) --- Hebrew, "a man that hath friends must shew himself friendly; and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother." (Protestants) (Haydock) --- Ut ameris ama. (Martial)
I think the Protestant versions are a compromise between Jewish versions of Hebrew Bible and Catholic and Orthodox versions of its Greek translation.
[OK, Vulgate is mainly direct Hebrew translation to Latin but earlier than Masoretic version.]
The compromise would imply the truth had been lacking from all over earth for centuries unless it were somehow divided between conflicting traditions.
Reject it and reject the Masoretic version, you have a Catholic Bible. Reject it and reject the Catholic tradition, you get an NIV ...
Why would they change it to one day?
Now the Hebrew has what translates as "one day". So Vulgate has dies unus and DR one day.
One explanation I have heard is that "first" is in Hebrew expressed as "one", because when we have as yet only the first one is all we have, of anything.
- Minor thing:
- Tuesday for Thor's day?
Not quite. Tew was the one-armed god and Thor was not an invalid at all. Odin was one eyed. Reminds me a bit of a man who is both, and who also poses about being a divinity.
- Garden of Eden was possibly hidden from human sight ...
The thing is that rivers taking root from that sprung forth in Eden are identified.
10 And a river went out the place of pleasure to water paradise, which from thence is divided into four heads. 11 The name of the one is Phison: that is, it which compasseth all the land of Hevilath, where gold groweth. 12 And the gold of that land is very good: there is found bdellium, and the onyx stone. 13 And the name of the second river is Gehon: the same is it that compasseth all the land of Ethiopia 14 And the name of the third river is Tigris: the same passeth along by the Assyrians. And the fourth river is Euphrates.
Ver. 8. Of pleasure, Hebrew Eden, which may be either the name of a country, as chap. iv. 16, or it may signify pleasure, in which sense Symmachus and St. Jerome have taken it. --- From the beginning, or on the 3d day, when all plants were created, Hebrew mikedem, may also mean towards the east, as the Septuagint have understood it, though the other ancient interpreters agree with St. Jerome. Paradise lay probably to the east of Palestine, or of that country where Moses wrote. The precise situation cannot be ascertained. Calmet places it in Armenia, others near Babylon, &c. Some assert that this beautiful garden is still in being, the residence of Henoch and Elias. But God will not permit the curiosity of man to be gratified by the discovery of it, chap. iii. 24. How great might be its extent we do not know. If the sources of the Ganges, Nile, Tigris, and Euphrates, be not now changed, and if these be the rivers which sprung from the fountains of Paradise, (both which are points undecided) the garden must have comprised a great part of the world, (Haydock), as the Ganges rises in Judea [India?], and the Nile about the middle of Africa. (Tirinus)
Ver. 10. A river, &c. Moses gives many characteristics of Paradise, inviting us, as it were, to search for it; and still we cannot certainly discover where it is, or whether it exist at all at present, in a state of cultivation. We must therefore endeavour to find the mystic Paradise, Heaven and the true Church; the road to which, though more obvious, is too frequently mistaken. See St. Augustine, City of God xiii. 21.; Proverbs iii. 18. (Haydock)
Own comment: Jerusalem would have been West of Eden, since Adam and Eve were buried in Calvary. Where Christ was later crucified.
3:24 And he cast out Adam: and placed before the paradise of pleasure Cherubims, and a flaming sword, turning every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
Ver. 24. Cherubims. Angels of the highest order, and of a very complex figure, unlike any one living creature. Theodoret supposes that God forced Adam to retire from that once charming abode, by the apparition of hideous spectres. The devils were also hindered from coming hither, lest they should pluck the fruit of the tree of life, and by promising immortality, should attract men to their service. The flaming sword, might be a fire rising out of the earth, of which Grotius thinks the pits, near Babylon, are still vestiges. These dreadful indications of the divine wrath would probably disappear, when Paradise had lost its superior beauty, and became confounded with the surrounding countries --- Thus we have seen how rapidly Moses describes the creation of all things, the fall of man, and the promised redemption. But in these few lines, we discover a solution of the many difficulties which have perplexed the learned, respecting these most important subjects. We know that the world is not the effect of chance, but created and governed by divine Providence. We are no longer at a loss to explain the surprising contrast of good and evil, observable in the same man. When we have attentively considered the Old Adam and the New [New Adam, Jesus Christ], we find a clue to lead us through all the labyrinths of our Holy Religion. We could wish, perhaps, for a greater detail in Moses, but he left the rest to be supplied by tradition. He has thrown light enough upon the subjects, to guide the well-disposed, and has left sufficient darkness to humble and to confound the self-conceited and wicked, who love darkness rather than the light. (Calmet) --- Concerning the transactions of these early times, parents would no doubt be careful to instruct their children, by word of mouth, before any of the Scriptures were written; and Moses might derive much information from the same source, as a very few persons formed the chain of tradition, when they lived so many hundred years. Adam would converse with Mathusalem, who knew Sem, as the latter lived in the days of Abram. Isaac, Joseph, and Amram, the father of Moses, were contemporaries: so that seven persons might keep up the memory of things which had happened 2500 years before. But to entitle these accounts to absolute authority, the inspiration of God intervenes; and thus we are convinced, that no word of sacred writers can be questioned. (Haydock)