Monday, October 17, 2022

First Written Languages in Greece

First Written Languages in Greece · Indo-European Revisited : Family or Sprachbund? · Indo-European and General Linguistics

What are the first written languages in Greece?

Hans-Georg Lundahl
none/ apprx Masters in Latin (language) & Greek (language), Lund University
The first deciphered written language with known meaning is Mycenean Greek, spelled in Linear B.

The Cretan language (if you don’t find it anachronistic to speak of Crete as Greece back then) in Linear A is basically deciphered as to pronunciation, but not as to meaning, at least not with any great degree of confidence.

The language of the Dispilio tablet is unknown. The carbon date 5202 BC is too old, it needs reduction, I don’t know how much older the tablet is than Mycenaean Greek.

// If it is genuine, the Kafkania pebble, dated to the 17th century BC, would be the oldest known Mycenean inscription, and hence the earliest preserved testimony of the Greek language //

// The Kafkania pebble is a small rounded river pebble about 5 centimetres (2.0 in) long, with Linear B symbols and a double axe symbol inscribed on it. It was found in Kafkania, some 7 km (4.3 mi) north of Olympia, on 1 April 1994 in a 17th-century BC archaeological context. //

So, the context is carbon dated to 1650 BC. That's between 1521 and 1498, say 1510 BC - the year of the Exodus.

5202 BC as a carbon date is between 2198 and 2175 BC, say 2186 BC - before Abraham was born.

So, if my tables are right, the distance in time is 2186 - 1510 = 676 years. The Dispilio tablet would possibly be in a more archaic version (and another spelling) compared to Mycenaean Greek.

But, the dates given by uniformitarian datings are 5202 - 1650 = 3552 years. If that were the case - and remember that's what the experts think - the idea of trying Mycenaean Greek to decipher the Dispilio tablet would strike them as absurd, that's why it's not deciphered.

Hans-Georg Lundahl
New Tables (my own earlier work)

Mycenaean Greek - Wikipedia

Kafkania pebble - Wikipedia

Dispilio Tablet - Wikipedia

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