Monday, November 7, 2022

American Reacting to Ireland and Celtic Languages

Who's behind the following videos?

Hey, I'm Steve. I'm just an American guy exploring my British and Irish ancestry. On this channel I enjoy learning and reacting to anything and everything related to the UK and Ireland. If this interests you I'd love to have you join me on this journey. Thanks for stopping by my channel.

Reacting To My Roots

Here are three four of them, with some of my reactions.

American Reacts to Why Ireland Split into the Republic of Ireland & Northern Ireland
Reacting To My Roots, 19 Oct. 2022

19:34 A citizen of Eire would typically refer to himself as Irish, and a citizen of UK, Northern Ireland, as an Ulsterman, unless he were Catholic, in which case he too would call himself Irish, while a Protestant outside the six counties would normally be more likely to be Anglican and would often call himself Anglo-Irish.

While C. S. Lewis was a native Ulsterman, he was not Ulster Scot, but Anglo-Irish. Belfast, but of Anglican heritage, which is what he went back to when reconverting from Atheism.

Yeats was from Eire, and while he was Anglo-Irish, I think he was also Neo-Pagan of sorts, at least at times.

20:07 "both Irish nations back together"

Do you mean the states on the island or the ethnicities of Northern Ireland?

Pushing to bring Northern Ireland into the Republic is called Republicanism, and it's represented by Sinn Féin and by IRA, while pushing for peaceful together in Northern Ireland is called the Good Friday agreement.

American Reacts to Why Ireland Has Fewer People Than 200 Years Ago (Irish Potato Famine)
Reacting To My Roots, 28 Oct. 2022

1:33 I see Sophie S has noted that you have been enlightened by the video you are watching.

The Irish tenants had a contract with Anglo-Irish landlords, they were to grow potatoes for themselves and wheat for the landlords, and when a few years through the potatoes were suffering from mildew and couldn't feed the tenants, the landlords still wanted to sell the wheat in London rather than get some of it for feeding the tenants that had grown it.

The Capitalist version of Holodomor, but the late Queen had the great advantage over Putin not to imagine that the smaller and formerly starved to death country identified as part of the larger one.

10:02 Remember the people evicted and denied government relief were people who had grown enough wheat to live on, but the wheat was sold in England, Scotland and Wales. Because the landlords preferred keeping their business average over keeping their tenants alive.

14:17 These areas hit the hardest - like landlords least likely to save their tenants by sharing wheat. Landlords obviously all having English as mother tongue or very nearly.

22:20 Remember that part in the video where it says potato farmers were "evicted"? - that means they were tenants.
Remember where it says that "food exports to Britain" were not banned? - that means their landlords weren't ruined by the potato famine.

The actual rationale is, the same people who failed to grow potatoes for themselves and died or got homeless, also succeeded in growing wheat for their landlords, same years.

Some of these landlords were despising (as did Karl Marx) the Gaelic, Catholic population.

23:14 Exactly.

The potato crops improved when other variants were imported which were less likely to succumb to mildew.

And again, it was not the farmers who decided all on their own "we want Irish Lump" it was their landlords who imagined to be providing for them in a rational way by chosing Irish Lump for them.

Not sure I heard "Irish Lump" right, I'm not going back right now, but that's what I think I heard the one variety of potatoes that dominated so much was in fact called.

24:09 As said, wheat was grown, and Irish wheat was sold in London, giving profits to the landlords.

24:39 West and South - landlords less likely to sympathise, since the tenants were Catholic and spoke Gaelic. You know, the language where Poblacht na h-Eireann = people of Ireland.

American Reacts to Languages of the British Isles
Reacting To My Roots, 26 Oct. 2022

0:26 There are a few languages spoken outside Britain who were penned down by Englishmen:
  • Medieval Latin (in the scholastic, not the late Antiquity sense) comes from Alcuin of York going to France
  • first texts in French were penned by Anglo-Normans
  • and then Modern English
  • not to mention Quenya and Sindarin.

2:04 The red hand on a flag means Ulster.

6:20 I most definitely agree. A beautiful language.

I could pick out the first words, namely 's mise (pronounces "smisheh") = I am (for instance followed by "a teacher" or "a Scot" or whatever - "I am" as in "I am going" would be "Thá mi" pronounced "ha mee") ...

11:45 A lass from Edinburgh will arguably speak standard English with her native accent of Scots Leid. Precisely as you will hear the same accent, basically, in Vienna for Hochdeutsch and for Weaner Dialekt (which I am ashamed to say I do not understand at all nearly).

So what you had heard so far was arguably standard English with a few words and all of the accent in Scots.

12:50 You perhaps know the Pogues well enough to already know what it means?

13:10 The guy is actually not an expert, he's from Frisia (yep, it's History with Hilbert, as I thought) and much better at Old English.

Niamh doesn't end in two consonant sounds, but in a consonant spelled with a digraph, in hard positions roughly nasal w, and "ia" was not so bad in his mouth before. But I think I have heard it pronounced Niav, with a more slender sound.

If you want to learn the correct pronunciation of Irish names, allows Amy McDonagh to teach you at the same time as her American boyfriend:

American Learns How To Pronounce Irish Names! 🇮🇪🇺🇸 | IRISH VS AMERICAN
AmyMcDonaghGuitar, 31st of July 2020

13:22 You're wasting your time. Hilbert seems to totally suck at Irish Gaelic pronunciation.

He was actually pulling your leg.

14:20 If you look at the map you are seeing, it's on the wiki page for "Irish language" and under it it says "Proportion of respondents who said they could speak Irish in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland censuses of 2011"

So, it's not proportion of respondents who have Irish as their native language.

18:11 Our Father in Irish:
Ár nAthair - Our Father - Sinead Nic Gabhann
Sinead Nic Gabhann Vocal Coach & Singing Lessons, 18 Aug. 2014

As you listen, watch the text in the comment of Aoibheann O’Connell.

This one is Old Irish, the text actually in the video:
Fiachra - Lorica Sancti Patricii (St. Patrick's Breastplate) ☘️ | Old-Irish Lyrics and Translation
FiachraHarp, 12 March 2021

It's called St. Patrick's Breastplate.

23:32 Cornwall is a part of England. Since before the Norman Conquest - look here:

"In 838, the Cornish and their Danish allies were defeated by Egbert in the Battle of Hingston Down at Hengestesdune. In 875, the last recorded king of Cornwall, Dumgarth, is said to have drowned.[39] Around the 880s, Anglo-Saxons from Wessex had established modest land holdings in the north eastern part of Cornwall; notably Alfred the Great who had acquired a few estates.[40] William of Malmesbury, writing around 1120, says that King Athelstan of England (924–939) fixed the boundary between English and Cornish people at the east bank of the River Tamar.[15] While elements of William's story, like the burning of Exeter, have been cast in doubt by recent writers[38] Athelstan did re-establish a separate Cornish Bishop and relations between Wessex and the Cornish elite improved from the time of his rule.

"Eventually King Edgar was able to issue charters the width of Cornwall, and frequently sent emissaries or visited personally as seen by his appearances in the Bodmin Manumissions."

24:00 It seems Cornwall is exactly one county, together with Scilly Islands:

"With the exception of the Isles of Scilly, Cornwall is governed by a unitary authority, Cornwall Council, based in Truro. The Crown Court is based at the Courts of Justice in Truro. Magistrates' Courts are found in Truro (but at a different location to the Crown Court) and at Bodmin.

"The Isles of Scilly form part of the ceremonial county of Cornwall,[127] and have, at times, been served by the same county administration. Since 1890 they have been administered by their own unitary authority, the Council of the Isles of Scilly. They are grouped with Cornwall for other administrative purposes, such as the National Health Service and Devon and Cornwall Police."

As "Devon and Cornwall police" refer to Devonshire, that is also a county, and you already know the real English word for county is Shire.

31:20 Isle of Mann is like Channel Islands. Btw, Hilbert didn't include Guernsey Norman French in his video.

"The Isle of Man (Manx: Mannin [ˈmanɪnʲ], also Ellan Vannin [ˈɛlʲan ˈvanɪnʲ]), also known as Mann (/mæn/),[8] is a self-governing British Crown Dependency in the Irish Sea between Great Britain and Ireland. As head of state, Charles III holds the title Lord of Mann and is represented by a Lieutenant Governor. The United Kingdom is responsible for the isle's military defence and represents it abroad."

American Reacts to History of Ireland Summarized
Reacting To My Roots, 4 Nov. 2022

6:32 They are called Celtic Crosses

9:18 It may be mentioned, Henry VIII was not a Protestant, but a very lax Catholic, and Ireland didn't object to the Act of Supremacy, but to the Mass in English. Replacing Latin with English made some sense in England, none at all in a mostly solidly Gaelic speaking country.

10:13 Take a look at the heading. It's not about population overall, just about land owners.

10:32 No, the Catholics weren't banned. They lost ownership of their own land and became tenants to immigrants.

Precisely as in 1920 c. a lot of Russian Kulaks lost ownership of their own land and became tenants to a collective farm, either Kolkhos or Sovkhos.

10:47 1703, most Catholics had lost their land. 2003, most Protestant land lords had sold their land back to Catholic tenants.

10:53 You still don't see that the top line of the graph says "Land Ownership"?

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